Trucks with a Rear-Loading Bed

Garwin Industries created the Load Packer in 1938, which revolutionized the sanitation business. It was the first garbage truck with genuine compacting capabilities. Because the trucks could condense the rubbish while travelling through the city, they could transport twice as much as previously. Many of these garbage trucks were in operation by the 1950s, and other manufacturers began to produce them as well. They began producing industrial-strength compacting vehicles in the late 1950s and early 1960s. These trucks were able to handle bigger items and compressed them more effectively, allowing them to carry a 25% greater load.

The Compactor’s Operation

Sanitation engineers load the vehicles along local streets. Trash being placed into a hopper in the back of a rear-loader vehicle. The compacting mechanism, which removes the rubbish from the hopper and deposits it into the truck’s body, is controlled by hydraulic cylinders. The more junk that is stuffed into the body, the more compressed it becomes. The trash does not fall out of the truck while it is full or moving since the compacting device is on the exterior of the body. The driver transports the rubbish to the dump when the truck is full. The compacting panels are moved out of the way by hydraulic cylinders when the vehicle tilts up like a dump truck. After that, the rubbish is tossed out of the vehicle and the rear is hosed out.

Garbage Trucks of Other Types

Since the advent of the garbage truck, there have been several modifications. The hopper in the front of the front-loading vehicle is around waist level to the employees. They load into the hopper, which then transports the waste up over the truck’s roof and into the body. The material is subsequently compressed, and the truck dumps in the same manner as the back loader. Recycling trucks are also available in a variety of configurations. Some are side loaders, with hoppers that rise up into the vehicle from the sides. Some have different hoppers for different types of recyclables. One version even includes a robotic arm that snatches the can off the side of the road, transports it up a conveyor, empties the contents, and then returns it to the roadway. This is comparable to the commercial garbage cans that can be found outside of restaurants and other businesses. Normally, these trucks grab the bin from in front of the truck, hoist it over the truck, and drop it into the truck’s body. These trucks eliminate the need for additional labor.


Garbage Truck Components


Basic Components

The essential driving principles lie at the core of every garbage truck. The frame, engine, and wheels are all elements that are universal to all trucks. All of these components must be heavy duty since a trash truck is meant to carry hefty loads when fully loaded. The majority of trash trucks have diesel engines and gearboxes with a lot of low-end torque. This implies a slower peak speed, but improved towing and overall longevity. Garbage trucks also include a cab in which the driver (and, in some situations, additional garbage collectors) can sit while the vehicle is moving. Many of the truck’s controls, including all of those used for normal driving, are located in the cab, however some may be located on the vehicle’s outside for convenience.

Other Components

Garbage trucks gather rubbish in a receptacle known as the hopper, which often accounts for the majority of the vehicle’s bulk. Hoppers can be one huge open chamber or a number of compartments for gathering various sorts of waste. In circumstances when a packer blade is employed, garbage truck hoppers are also known as compactors. The packer blade compresses the waste to increase the amount of space in the hopper. The packer blades are operated by a hydraulic system that can apply a lot of pressure to the rubbish. Some contemporary garbage trucks may employ their packer blades while moving, compressing the rubbish between stops and allowing more to be loaded. Trash trucks are distinguished from other vehicles by their hopper and packer blades, as well as from the multifunctional carts and trucks that preceded the contemporary garbage truck.

Rototrim garbage truck

Garbage Trucks of Various Types

Different garbage trucks have different components that allow them to work in different types of rubbish collecting. The most prevalent form of trash truck is the rear loader, which is utilized in most communities to collect waste containers placed on the street by people. These trucks have a rear hopper aperture and may employ a hydraulic lift to raise and drop waste bins into the hopper. This life is frequently governed by a set of buttons and levers mounted on the vehicle’s outside, which may be manipulated by a garbage collector standing nearby while the bins are being emptied. Many major buildings or enterprises utilize front loaders to gather rubbish from dumpsters. These trucks have a form mechanism in front of the cab that lifts and lowers. These prongs slot into identical holes on the dumpster and elevate it over the trick, thus dumping it into the hopper’s top. A joystick positioned within the cab commonly controls the forks on a front loader.

Garbage Trucks of Other Types

Another form of trash truck is the side loader, which has a hopper that may be entered by one or more doors on the side of the vehicle, as the name indicates. Recycling trucks are frequently designed in the side loading style, with various hoppers for different sorts of pre-sorted garbage. Like a rear loader, side loaders may have an automated lift mechanism or forks like a front loader. Another sort of garbage truck is the suction truck, which uses a pneumatic tube to suck waste out of specifically built containers, much like a huge vacuum cleaner.

Safety of Garbage Trucks

The packer blade is the most dangerous element of a garbage truck since it must be so strong. This is why trash collectors are consistently ranked among the most hazardous vocations. Despite the fact that most garbage trucks have a number of safety features and waste management companies require their employees to follow procedures designed to protect their own safety, accidents resulting in death or dismemberment can occur if a worker is caught inside the garbage truck’s hopper when the packing blade is actuated. Accidents of this nature can occur as a consequence of human mistake or mechanical failure. Homeless persons sleeping in dumpsters have been emptied into a truck’s hopper in certain reported occasions. Workers are often hurt when attempting to extricate things that have been stuck in the truck’s packer blade.

Garbage Trucks Come in a Variety of Shapes and Sizes

Several types of trash trucks have been developed based on the owner/commercial operator’s and municipal requirements. Garbage collection has grown more complicated since most cities have made recycling mandatory. Waste trucks are built to perform various roles in conjunction with how garbage is collected and city street grid layouts. Front, side, and rear loaders, grapple and recycle tucks, dump trucks, and roll-offs were among the several types.

Front-loaders are vehicles that are loaded from the front.

Front loaders feature automatic forks in front of the cab that use a series of levers to raise and unload huge commercial dumpsters. The rubbish is compressed once it has been emptied into the box. For example, Autocar makes a vehicle with a 66,000-pound front and rear capacity and a 350-horsepower Cummins diesel engine.

garbage truck transtech

Backhoe Loaders

Rear loaders are distinct from front loaders in that they gather rubbish from the back, with employees throwing trash bags and emptying bin contents into a big container. The contents of the container are compressed once it has been filled. The rear loader has comparable proportions to the front loader, including the 350-horsepower Cummins diesel engine seen in the Autocar.

Loaders on the side

By collecting rubbish on the side of the vehicle, side loaders can be automated or manually operated. The trucks are typically driven by a single person who can control the side loader from the cab. On manual versions, a second person is employed. Several truck manufacturers, including International Harvester and Peterbilt, produce 260-horsepower diesel-powered side loaders.


Roll-off garbage trucks are commonly employed to gather massive amounts of waste at building and demolition projects. A dumpster box is mounted on a customized roller chassis or trailer that allows it to be rolled off the truck, left at the job site, and then rolled back onto the vehicle once it is full for delivery to the landfill. Mack trucks, which have diesel engines that produce 405 horsepower, are popular roll-off trucks.

Recycling Trucks

Recycling trucks are specialized vehicles that are frequently automated side loaders controlled by a single person who gathers only recycled material using controls located within the cab. International Harvester and Peterbilt both make recycling trucks with Cummins diesel engines.

Grappling Trucks

The grapple truck is used to retrieve large pieces of debris or even damaged automobiles for destruction. The grapple loader features a claw-like mechanism located on the frame that grabs the garbage and deposits it in a back box fixed on the chassis, a stationary box, or a box attached on another vehicle. Typically, these trucks are seen in landfills or commercial establishments. The F-800 series of Ford trucks, as well as Freightliner and Mercedes, may be equipped with a grapple loader and run on Cummins diesel.

Trucks that transport waste

Dump trucks are commonly cab/chassis combinations consisting of a simple rectangle box placed on the rear chassis and operated by hydraulic lifts that dumps waste at the rear through a hinged rear flap or door. Peterbilts, Freightliners, International Harvester, and Macks are common cab/chassis combinations for dump trucks.

garbage truck white

What Is a Truck’s Underbody Hoist?

Hydraulic or pull-chain devices that lift or tilt the bed of a truck, such as a dump truck, are known as truck hoists. Hydraulic underbody hoists are normally situated immediately beneath the truck’s bed.


An underbody hoist uses one or two hydraulic cylinders to raise the truck’s bed. These cylinders expand at an angle toward the back of the vehicle, tipping the bed backward and spilling the contents.

Truck Dimensions

Underbody hoists are available for a wide range of small and mid-sized trucks. These hoists are normally available for vehicles ranging in length from the cab to the trunnion between 5 and 12 feet.


Underbody hoists have a frame, a hydraulic pump and hoses, and a multi-gallon hydraulic reservoir in addition to a hydraulic cylinder or cylinders. These hoists are intended to add only a little amount of body weight and size to a truck.

What is the Function of a Dump Truck?

The Making of a Dump Truck

Despite the fact that dump trucks come in a variety of styles, the basic components of all dump trucks are essentially the same. The dump truck’s primary body is often modeled on that of a flatbed truck, with one axle behind the cab and one to three axles beneath the dump box. The dump box’s tailgate is usually hinged at the top and opens automatically while it’s being deposited. The dumping mechanism is hydraulically propelled to avoid the compression issues that might occur with pneumatic systems. The dump truck’s engine can be either gasoline or diesel-powered, but regardless of the fuel source, it is a huge internal combustion engine.

The Dump Truck’s Engine

The dump truck’s internal combustion engine provides power to both the dump vehicle and the dumping mechanism. The truck is powered in the same way as any other gas or diesel-powered vehicle, but the pumps that power the hydraulic cylinders are driven by the truck’s transmission’s power take-off (PTO). This means that the dumping mechanism cannot be utilized until the truck is operating. In order to avoid potential mishaps, the PTO is usually only activated after the gearbox has been placed in the neutral position.